Athens & Attica

Athens - Attica

What to see in Athens & Attica


Archaeological Sites of Athens

From the worldwide famous Acropolis & Parthenon to the Panathenaic Stadium and the Greek Parliament with the Evzones, Athens & Attica boast a huge number of Archaeological Sites waiting for you to discover!
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Natural Landscapes of Athens

Enjoy the astonishing and breathtaking view from the top of the natural hills of Athens and swing in the natural thermal spa of Vouliagmeni lake all year round.

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The city of Athens

The capital of Greece, Athens is one of the most attractive destinations all over the world with endless history and wonderfull things to explore and do. Don't miss out!

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Museums of Athens

With more than 2.500 years history, the museums of Athens enclose admirable exhibits that reveal the significance of the area intertemporally.

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Athens - Attica

About Attica & Athens

Attica is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of Greece. The historical region is centered on the Attic peninsula, which projects into the Aegean Sea. The modern administrative region of Attica is more extensive than the historical region and includes the Saronic Islands, Cythera, and the municipality of Troizinia on the Peloponnesian mainland. The history of Attica is tightly linked with that of Athens, which, from the classical period, was one of the most important cities in the ancient world.

During antiquity, the Athenians boasted about being 'autochthonic', which is to say that they were the original inhabitants of the area and had not moved to Attica from another place. The traditions current in the classical period recounted that, during the Greek Dark Ages, Attica had become the refuge of the Ionians, who belonged to a tribe from the northern Peloponnese. Supposedly, the Ionians had been forced out of their homeland by the Achaeans, who had been forced out of their homeland by the Dorian invasion. Supposedly, the Ionians integrated with the ancient Atticans, who, afterward, considered themselves part of the Ionian tribe and spoke the Ionian dialect. Many Ionians later left Attica to colonize the Aegean coast of Asia Minor and to create the twelve cities of Ionia.

During the Mycenaean period, the Atticans lived in autonomous agricultural societies. The main places where prehistoric remains were found are Marathon, Rafina, Nea Makri, Brauron, Thorikos, Agios Kosmas, Eleusis, Menidi, Markopoulo, Spata, Aphidnae and Athens. All of these settlements flourished during the Mycenaean period.

According to tradition, Attica comprised twelve small communities during the reign of Cecrops, the legendary Ionian king of Attica. Strabo assigns these the names of Cecropia, Tetrapolis, Exacria, Decelea, Eleusis, Aphidna, Thoricus, Brauron, Cytheris, Sphettus, Cephissia, and Phalems. These were said to have been later incorporated in an Athenian state during the reign of Theseus, the mythical king of Athens. Modern historians consider it more likely that the communities were progressively incorporated into an Athenian state during the 8th and the 7th centuries BC.

Until the 6th century BC, aristocratic families lived independent lives in the suburbs. Only after Peisistratos's tyranny and the reforms implemented by Cleisthenes did the local communities lose their independence and succumb to the central government in Athens. As a result of these reforms, Attica was divided into approximately a hundred municipalities, the demes, and also into three large sectors: the city, which comprised the areas of central Athens, Ymittos, Aegaleo and the foot of Mount Parnes, the coast, that included the area between Eleusis and Cape Sounion and the area around the city, inhabited by people living on the north of Mount Parnitha, Penteliko and the area east of the mountain of Hymettus. Principally, each civic unit would include equal parts of townspeople, seamen, and farmers. A “trittýs” ("third") of each sector constituted a tribe. Consequently, Attica comprised ten tribes.

Attica, a place in Greece, has belonged to the independent Greek state. From 1834, Athens was refounded and made the new Greek capital (moved from Nafplio in Argolis), and people from other parts of Greece gradually began to repopulate Attica. The most dramatic surge came with Greek refugees from Anatolia following the population exchanges between Greece and Turkey under the Treaty of Lausanne. Today, much of Attica is occupied by urban Athens. The modern Greek region of Attica includes classical Attica as well as the Saronic Islands, a small part of the Peloponnese around Troezen, and the Ionian Island of Kythira.

Athens - Attica

Getting to Athens & Attica

By car: 
Usually Athens is the first destination of each visitor. You can rent a car from Athens and visit numerous marvelous places all over Greece. Most of the national roads of Greece begin from Athens, so it is very easy and comfortable to transfer wherever you want.
By bus:
The Kifissos KTEL Bus Station in Athens is the main bus station of the city hwere from you can travel by bus all over Greece. You can get there by taking a taxi or an urban bus (051) close to Omonoia square of Athens.
In order to find the routes of your destination, you have to contact directly each KTEL, that is the Bus organization of each prefecture e.g. KTEL ARGOLIDAS for the region of Argolis (the cities of Nafplio, Argos) etc.
The central phone center of the Station is 0030 210 5124910
By plane:
Athens has its own international airport (Eleftherios Venizelos) at Spata. There is urban bus and railways connection with the city center of Athens. For more information you can visit:
By train:
Visit the TRAINOSE website and get informed about the available railways connection between Athens and other destinations all over Greece.
By boat:
The port of Piraeus in Athens is the main port of Greece where from you can travel almost in all the Greek islands. All routes are made by private sector’s ships, so in order to find the route of your preferences just visit some Online Travel Agencies and buy your tickets online.

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  • Guided tour of Poseidon temple
  • Beautiful views of Saronic Gulf and its islands
  • Family friendly
  • Passing by Hellinikon Olympic complex